Don't: Expose Wine To Sunlight
Exposing your wine to sunlight is a sure-fire way to spoil an otherwise perfect bottle. The sun's UV rays can easily penetrate through the bottle where it literally cooks your wine from the inside out. Clear wine bottles are affected by sunlight more than dark-colored bottles, but you should keep all of your wine stored in a dark area to prevent early spoilage.
Don't: Store Wine Upright
You might be surprised to learn that storing wine upright can have a damaging effect on its quality. The reason for this is that cork caps tend to try out when the bottle is stored upright. Over the course of several years, the dried out cork may crack and wither away, exposing the wine to the oxygen and impurities in the surrounding air. And once this occurs, the wine will spoil within 24 hours or less.
So, how are you supposed to store wine? Try to get into the habit of storing your wine on its side, as this will keep the cork moist by exposing it to wine. Nearly all of the high-quality wine racks and refrigerators are designed to store wine bottles on their side.
Do: Keep It Temperature Controlled
Of course, wine should be stored in a temperature-controlled environment for optimal flavor and quality preservation. Unfortunately, storing it at room temperature will increase the chance of it spoiling. The exact temperate varies depending on the particular type of wine, but it's usually best to store wine somewhere between 55-60°F. Maintaining this temperature for your wine will prevent spoilage while allowing it to age gracefully.
To control the temperature of your wine storage, it's recommended that you use a special refrigerator (not your typical kitchen refrigerator). Wine refrigerators offer an effective way to store wine in a safe, temperature-controlled environment. And whether you are looking to store half a dozen bottles or 50, there's a refrigerator out there to meet your needs. Just remember to adjust the temperature settings accordingly to offer the best possible storage conditions for your wine.
Do: Keep It Still
I know some people are eager to pull their wine out of storage just to marvel at its beauty once in a while, but you must refrain from doing so. Moving your wine around will stir up the sediments and compounds, resulting in unwanted chemical changes. To prevent this from happening, avoid moving your wine until you are ready to pop the cork and pour a glass..