Coffee Brewing Glossary

Why do we need a glossary? Because coffee has a language all its own, which can make ordering a specialty coffee or buying a coffee maker somewhat confusing..., we've created this handy guide to explain the frequently used terms related to coffee brewing...the different types of machines, techniques, and types of coffees we love to drink.

Auto Frother: A device that automatically froths milk for cappuccinos and lattes.

Automatic Drip: A machine that automatically heats water and filters it through the coffee. Automatic Espresso Machine and Coffee Maker: An espresso machine featuring controllable, programmable coffee dosing. Bean to Cup: A fully automated coffee brewing process. The machines with bean-to-cup capability do everything from grinding the beans to filling a cup with coffee.

Boiler: A steam machine inside a coffee maker. The machines with larger boilers usually are more powerful and produce more hot water for beverages.

Boiler Element: An electric element that heats the boiler in the electric espresso coffee makers.

Cappuccino: Italian espresso-based beverage.

Cup Warmer: The metal portion at the top of an espresso coffee maker where cups are placed for warming.

Dosing: Refers to either the number of grams of coffee per cup or the amount of brewed coffee per cup.

Drip Tray: Part of an espresso coffee maker where coffee cup sits for filling.

Espresso: Italian black coffee which preceded specialty coffees. Rich black coffee.

Filter Basket: Metal filter where grounds are placed for coffee brewing.

Filtered Method: The process of brewing coffee with a filter, coffee is separate from the water.

French Press: (aka "plunger pot"). A cylindrical coffee maker in which ground coffee is steeped then filtered. Coffee grounds are pushed to the bottom of the pot with the plunger. Coffee stays in the top of the pot.

Fully Automatic Espresso Machine and Coffee Maker: Machines which automatically manage the brewing process from coffee bean to fresh cup of coffee. Grind: A process of preparing coffee beans for coffee brewing.

Group: Portion of espresso coffee maker that brews coffee.

Group Handle: Portion of espresso coffee maker that holds the filter basket that ground coffee goes into.

Heat Exchanger: Heats water for coffee without taking water from the boiler.

Hopper: Portion of grinder that holds coffee beans. French Press coffee maker:

Knock-out Box: A container used to knock the used coffee grounds from group handle.

Latte: Hot beverage made with one quarter coffee, three quarters of steamed, hot milk with little froth.

Mocha: Term used to describe hot beverage made from espresso, chocolate and milk.

Moka Pot: Classic Italian espresso maker used on top of the stove.

Percolator: Coffee maker that continuously runs water through the coffee grounds to make coffee.

Pod: A self-contained, single serving unit of ready to use coffee.

Pour/Pour Speed/Pour Time: The amount of time required to pour coffee from group into cup. Should be 25 to 30 seconds for espresso.

Pump: A device that moves water through the coffee maker.

Semi-Automatic Espresso Machine and Coffee Maker: A machine without pre-set dosing capability.

Steam Arm/Wand: A metal tube delivering steam to froth milk.

Super Automatic Espresso Machine and Coffee Maker: A machine which automatically manages brewing process from coffee bean to fresh cup of coffee in addition to other features such as a water filter.

Tamping: The act of pressing ground coffee into filter basket.

Vacuum Coffee Maker: A machine using vacuum process to make coffee.

Traditional Espresso Coffee Maker: A machine that is not a bean-to-cup automated model.

Water Filter: Filters contaminants from water for better coffee taste.

Water Font: The nozzle used to dispense water from machine boiler.

Water Softener: Filters lime and minerals from water, preventing build up of scales in the coffee maker. This is a must have for anyone using hard water.


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For more reading on related articles click these links:
Coffee Facts From Around The World
All About Automatic Drip Coffee Makers

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