Coffee: Facts From All
This beverage wasn't initially a hot drink made from boiling water; this didn't begin until around 1000 A.D. Before that time, it was used in medicine and for religious reasons by the Arabs. Soon the feeling of exhilaration from the caffeine of the drink became a sought-after side effect. The Arabs perfected their preparation of the drink over the course of many, many years. After drinking coffee with the grounds for over 300 years, they finally began drinking just the liquid portion, letting the grounds settle to the bottom of their cups. As their methods for preparing the beverage improved, the popularity of the drink spread first through coffee houses, known as qahveh khaneh, and then into the home, where elaborate parties were held and associated with consuming the drink. Soon after, it became a very important part of the Arab peoples lives. In Turkey a husband who refused to produce it for his wife could be divorced by her!
Now....Facts From All Around the World!
It is the most widely consumed beverage in the world at a whopping half-trillion cups (Editor's note: +/- 2 cups) consumed each year.
Germany is the world's second largest consumer of coffee; they consume 16 pounds per person.
All of it is grown near the equator between the tropic of Cancer and Capricorn.
Ten acres of these trees can produce up to 100,000 pounds of coffee cherries. That amounts to approximately 20,000 pounds of beans after hulling or milling.
The percolator was invented in 1827 by a French man. It would bring it to a boil and produced a pungent taste. Today, most people prefer using the filtered or drip methods for brewing.
Hawaii is the only state in the United States that produces coffee, and Puerto Rico is the only US territory that produces it.
Commercial roasting was not popular until the late 1800's. Before that, it was roasted at home using a pan on the stove.
Annual production of coffee beans exceeds 7 million tons of green beans that are grown around the world, the majority of which are picked by hand.
An estimated 25% of all coffee drinkers in the U.S. add sweetener, compared to an estimated 40% in Germany.
Brazil is the world's leading coffee producing country, responsible for 30-40% of the total market and has over 3 billion coffee trees. Colombia is next in production, producing 35% less than Brazil.
If grown above altitudes of 5000 feet or more, it is then referred to as hard bean coffee.
Some trees, such as the Arabica and Robusta trees, can produce coffee for more than 20 years.
More than 2000 ships are used to transport coffee for processing annually.
The flavored varieties began in the United States sometime during the 1970's.
October 1st is officially known as Coffee Day in Japan.
Approximately 20 million people work in this industry worldwide.
The estimated value of the export of green coffee is 10 billion dollars.
It can be found in at least 60 different varieties; only two varieties have an economic significance: Robusta and Arabica.
Black coffee contains no calories (less than 1 cal.)
Caffeinated coffee has been shown to be beneficial in improving alertness and performance levels.
The popularity of dark roasted is highest in Southern Europe.
A good coffee tree can produce up to 1 kg of raw coffee per year. Coffee grows in red berries, which hold two green beans per berry, not in plain brown beans like most people think..
During the roasting process, the beans dry out and the sugars in the beans begin to caramelize.
The quality of a cup depends on the blend as well as the ratio of water and coffee used in the brewing process.
It only grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions and is grown in approximately 70 countries.
Coffee trees require average temperatures ranging between 17-23 degrees Celsius in addition to abundant precipitation and good soil conditions.
It originated in the Abyssinian highlands.
Japanese people have been known to take baths in coffee grounds brewed with the pulp from pineapples to curtail wrinkles and improve their skin.
Raw coffee beans, having only been soaked in water and spices, are chewed like candy in parts of Africa.
This industry employs over 25 million people.
Once espresso is brewed it contains less than 3.0% fat, while regular coffee contains only 0.6%.
It requires approximately 40 coffee beans to make a cup of espresso.
Espresso contains less caffeine than any other roast.
Robusta has twice the amount of caffeine than Arabica.
An ordinary cup contains about 150 mg of caffeine, which is considered a "therapeutic dose". . On average, men drink more of this beverage than women.
37% of coffee drinkers drink it black.
Approximately 50% of the American adult population drinks a cup to start their day.
80% of Americans consume caffeine on a daily basis, and even though it is a drug, it has never been proven harmful by any health or medical organization.
It is estimated that more than 100 million Americans drink a total of 350 million cups a day.
The USA imports 2.5 million pounds, representing 1/3 of all coffee exported.
Coffee represents 3/4 of all the caffeine consumed in the USA.
To drink coffee in the USA was an expression of freedom, as there was a heavy tax on tea.
The first European coffee was sold in pharmacies in 1615 as a medical remedy.
In Turkey, the oldest person generally gets served their coffee first.
The expression "a cup of Joe" (referring to coffee), was first used during the second World War when American soldiers (G.I. Joes) were noted as being heavy coffee drinkers.
In the late 1800`s, Chase and Sanborn put out a flier on how to read the coffee grounds at the bottom of the cup (like a fortune teller).
Coffee comes second, after oil, for the most traded product in the world. Worldwide, coffee production exceeds 6 million metric tons.
It takes nearly five years for a coffee tree to reach full maturity. The average yield from one tree is the equivalent of one roasted pound of coffee.
People that stop at the drive-thru on the their way to work each day will spend as much as 45 hours waiting in line by the end of the year.
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